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Technical Visit Program provided insight into the Korean nuclear programmes
Dr. PANDE Made Udiyani, BATAN Indonesia

Q1. How do you feel about the technical visit program of nuclear facilities and research institutes on 12th~13th Mar? Which place was the most impressive ?

A1. Generally, Technical visit program organized by KONIKOF for BATAN-IAEA delegation in accordance with the plan. A visit to a nuclear research facility KAERI nuclear research provides insight into the particular nuclear fuel and waste. This experience provides knowledge about the processing of spent fuel of research reactors and power reactors. BATAN who have research facilities such as fuel fabrication like KAERI get a lot of benefits to this visit. So for the future, we expect for better cooperation especially between BATAN (fuel fabrication) and KAERI. For the safety of research reactors (KAERI HANARO and RSG-GAS-BATAN) has already long occurred fairly close research collaboration between the two reactors.

Visit to KEPCO Nuclear Fuel (KNF) gives us an idea about the procurement of PWR fuel. In the future if Indonesia has PWR - NPP, or PWR-Korean technology, knowledge of PWR fuel fabrication already exists. BATAN need to improve more intense cooperation with KNF.

A visit to KORAD is the most significant, because among several waste treatment from other countries (beyond Korea) that I have visited, KORAD is the best and has high safety standards. KORAD has very high safety standards and R&D is focusing on reducing nuclear waste and on the management of radioactive waste. BATAN (Indonesia) need to learn from KORAD (Korea), especially if in the future, Indonesian to build nuclear power plants.

Q2. Currently, the nuclear energy has emerged as a new alternative energy source to cope with energy crisis and accordingly, many countries consider carrying out nuclear energy plan to secure sustainable energy supplies despite the contrasting aspects of nuclear energy, that is " economical and dangerous".

A2. Energy demand continues to increase worldwide and has started to deplete there serves of conventional energy sources such as petroleum and coal. Nuclear power in Indonesia has been, in fact, one of the promoted means to utilise alternative energy sources in anticipation of the decreasing supply of fossil fuels, especially oil. Nuclear power in Indonesia has been, in fact, one of the promoted means to utilise alternative energy sources in anticipation of the decreasing supply of fossil fuels, especially oil.

Indonesia is very dependent on oil, despite the fact that since 2004 Indonesia has been a net-importing country. In addition to that, domestic production capacity has also been decreasing. Yet, the country's energy needs are rising in line with its eco-nomic growth. Therefore, renewable energy sources will play a more prominent role in meeting Indonesia's energy needs. However, renewable energy sources from wind, solar, and hydro, which are considered safer than nuclear energy, are only sufficient in meeting the energy needs for lighting but are far from adequate to accommodate industrial needs. Indonesia has the world's biggest geothermal power source, and this option must be further explored. But even with geothermal power, the energy created will still not be enough. In 2020, it is predicted that the national energy needs will reach 55 GW and will increase in the coming years.

Indonesia's vision for its 2025 energy demand - for light-ing as well as industrial development - is 100,000 MW. If Indonesia relies on non-nuclear sources of energy, fulfilling these energy needs may prove difficult to achieve. So the choice of the use of nuclear energy should be taken to Indonesia. Issues of safety in the use of nuclear energy is now an international issue and all country which users of nuclear energy has been further enhances principle safety, security, and safeguards in the NPP technology.

Q3. What do you think about the ways to advance the energy cooperation between Korea and Indonesia? Q3. Apa pendapat Anda tentang cara-cara untuk memajukan kerja sama energi antara Korea dan Indonesia?

A3. To promote energy cooperation between Korea and Indonesia, can be done include:
1. Increase research cooperation on nuclear energy from front-end (fuel, reactor, and waste) between Indonesia and Korea
2. Improve the exchange of researchers between Indonesia and Korea
3. Conduct seminars and workshops together on nuclear energy
4. Introducing KOREA- NPP technology into a potential NPP owner in Indonesia as PLN (State Electricity Company).

Dr. PANDE Made Udiyani
Researcher Head of Reactor Accident Management Analysis Group,
Reactor Safety Analysis Division,
Center for Reactor Technology and Nuclear Safety,
National Nuclear Energy Agency-BATAN
Puspiptek OB. 80, Serpong-Tangerang Selatan
Banten, Indonesia
Email: pmade-u@batan.go.id

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