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Interview with Ms. Togtokhbayar Norovsambuu

Q. Could you introduce yourself?

I am the director of the Research Institute of Animal Husbandry (RIAH) in Mongolia, and I visited Korea for a technical cooperation project of the International Atomic Energy Agency. I came here for a two-week program and have conducted laboratory work about in-vitro study for digestion of feed at Hankyong National University.

Q. What kind of studies does the RIAH carries out?

The RIAH, my institute, consists of two departments. The first is a department for animal science, which has four sectors: the management of horses, cattle, sheep, goats. This department carries out research for improvement of the quantity and quality of animal production and reproduction. The other department works for feed and pasture management. They conduct studies on pastoral improvement in nature, how to cultivate feed effectively, and how to prepare the feed.

Q. What is your special interest in study?

My speciality is feed for grazing animals. I have been carrying out studies on how to prepare a quality feed, which is very important to Mongolia. There are thirty-two million animals in the country, and most of them are grazing animals under the open sky. However, in winter and spring, the pasture is almost empty, so we need to prepare supplementary feed for the animals.

Q. Could you tell me about the experiment you have been conducting here?

We are carrying out an experiment, using straw and enzyme treatment. We change conditions of the straw, such as variances, dosages of enzyme, and time (24, 48, and 72 hours) and observe what changes are going on in the straw by the treatment of the enzyme. It decides the quantity and quality of the feed and the in-vitro digestion.

Q. How are your field of study and atomic energy connected to each other?

We use atomic technology in improving feed. The RIAH is implementing a project with the research institute of plant in Mongolia, which cultivates various plants such as beet and barley. The RIAH obtains straw from the institute and uses agrobiological compounds like enzymes to produce feed. Here is the stage where nuclear energy achievement is used, and the IAEA has technical cooperation projects for this field of study.

Q. Have you visited other laboratories or places in Korea for your study?

I visited the National Institute of Animal Science, which is a research institute of the Rural Development Administration. I wanted to find out what kinds of similarities are there in terms of research and also wanted to arrive at an agreement on collaboration work between this institute and my institute, the RIAH. The agreement was very difficult and not so successful. But I still think it would be very beneficial if the two institutes can collaborate on study. There is plenty of land in Mongolia, and we also develop a very good variety of grass. If the Korean institute comes to Mongolia, they could use our animals to study and also develop technology for a good quality of feed and grass. They might be able to import feed from Mongolia as well. In my opinion, all of these will be possible if the collaboration works out.

Q. What made you choose Korea among many countries for the TC program?

I had possibilities to go to countries like Germany, Britain, Thailand, and Malaysia. But I chose South Korea because Hankyong National University has an agreement with Mongolian State University of Agriculture, which is connected with my institute. Hankyong National University has produced excellent specialists and scientists for Mongolia, and many Mongolian students are studying here. Here I have access to great laboratories of the university and all the chemicals and supplies from companies recommended by them. The overall arrangements and experiences are very good.

<26-12-2012 >

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