|Nuclear Safety Regulation
|promoting a safety orientated culture, the utmost priority of the Korean nuclear industry.
The Korean Government establishes the Philosophy and the Principles of
the Nuclear Safety Orientated Culture.
To protect the public and the environment from radiation exposure, the Government performs its nuclear regulatory activities in accordance with the "Statement on Nuclear Safety Policy (Five Principles for the Nuclear Safety Regulation)" and the "Nuclear Safety Charter (the Philosophy of a Nuclear Safety Culture)".
Independence and Expertise are assured during the establishment of the Safety Regulations.
The Korean Government established the "Nuclear Safety Commission" within the Ministry of Science and Technology and the "Special Committee on Nuclear Safety" thereunder to ensure the independence of its safety regulatory activities.The Government performs its regulatory mission through the Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS), a regulatory body equipped with the necessary specialized technology and expertise. KINS performs safety reviews and technical assessments of all the nuclear facilities in Korea, and reports the results to MOST.
Korea spontaneously conforms with International Safety Standards.
Korea, as a member of the Convention on Nuclear Safety, faithfully fulfills its obligations to maintain its safety level comparable to those of the advanced countries, and furthermore tries to aim higher. Korea exchanges its regulatory information and experiences through active international cooperation and also encourages experts to participate in various international training courses to improve their technical skills and capabilities.
All the necessary precautions are being taken for a Radiation Protection.
As of December 2006 the number of licensed organizations for radiation utilization was 3,073 in Korea. To keep up with the growing trend for radiation utilization, the Government is reinforcing its safety management activities on licensing for the manufacture, sales and use of nuclear materials and radioisotopes, the periodic inspections thereon, training of radiation workers, and management of radiation exposure information as well as a license for handling nuclear materials and radioisotopes.
Systematic Radioactive Waste Management Mechanism has been established in Korea.
The volume of spent nuclear fuel is expected to increase continuously in line with the increase of the nuclear power generation rate in Korea. Specifically, in 2017, the last year of the current national plan for Korea's electricity supply and demand, the volume of spent fuel will amount to 15,700 tons in total, 7,500 tons from light water reactors and 8,200 tons from heavy water reactors respectively. In order to dispose of these radioactive wastes safely, the Government is engaged in the establishment and revision of the technical standards and licensing details for the construction and operation of a low-and-intermediate level radioactive waste and an interim deposit facility for these spent fuels, and the safety regulations thereof including the periodic inspections, approval for the decommissioning of nuclear facilities, and the verification and inspection activities of a decommissioning. For the safe and systematic management of its low-and-intermediate level radioactive waste, the Government finally selected Gyeongju as the site for the construction of its waste disposal facilities, after the residents' vote of the four municipal cities which had submitted an application to host the said facilities. The rock cavern type facility will be operated from December 2009 with an initial disposal capacity of 100,000 drums of 200 liters, and in the final stage, the capacity will be increased to 800,000 drums.
Radiation Protection Activities are continuously reinforced.
For an effective physical protection and radiological emergency preparedness of the nuclear facilities, the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) has set up the Emergency Operation Center under its auspices, the Nuclear Emergency Division in its Atomic Energy Bureau, and four Off-site Emergency Management Centers (OEMCs) throughout the nuclear power plant sites. At the same time, the National Radiation Emergency Medical Center was set up to take control of eighteen regional medical institutions which provide regional radiological medical services. Korea endorses the seven initiatives proposed by the U.S.A. in response to the September 11 terror attack to prevent terrorists from using weapons of mass destruction (WMD), and is dedicating efforts to realize the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), the Container Security Initiative (CSI), and the Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI).
Nuclear Safety has been upgraded with Koreaâ€™s Advanced IT Technology.
Nuclear safety information is exchanged and shared on a realtime basis by utilizing such IT technology as the AtomCARE, the IERNet, the RASIS, and the RADLOT systems. With such advanced systems, the nuclear safety level in Korea allows immediate actions of concerned authorities in case of unanticipated accidents.
|Sustain Nuclear Energy Supply Through Developing Core Technologies
||Computerized Technical Advisory Systems for
a Radiological Emergency
A system that immediately identifies the safety status of a power plant operation in the case of an abnormal radiological event. It predicts the radiological effects, the area affected with released radioactive materials and finally recommends the necessary actions to protect the public.
|Secure Nuclear Safety Technology To Prevent Nuclear Disasters
||Integrated Environmental Radiation Monitoring Network
A system to detect a radioactive contamination during the early stages of an accident. It collects and manages the information from 37 regional monitoring stations at different locations nationwide, and publicly discloses this information through the internet on a realtime basis.
|Develop Fundamental Technology For National Competitiveness
||Radiation Safety Information System
A comprehensive safety management system that integrates the necessary regulatory activities and management process for a better protection of the public and the environment from a harmful exposure to radiation.
|Develop Radiation Technology To Meet Social Demand
||Radiation Sources Location Tracking System
A tracking system that Korea has developed by combining the global positioning system (GPS) with mobile telecommunication technology. When a radiation source has been lost or stolen, the system tracks its location on a realtime basis. After gaining considerable recognition for its effectiveness, proven through a field application in Korea, the system is currently under negotiations for an export to China and other countries.